Italian Registration Authority
The RA is responsible
for the assignment of domain names within the country code "IT" (ISO
The Italian RA also manages the operative
registries of the Top Level Domain .it. The general operating rules called
"Regolamento" are defined by the Italian Naming Authority.
The activities of the Italian Registration Authority (RA) are developed
of Informatic and Telematic of the National Research Council (IIT-CNR).
The role of the Registration Authority is held by the CNR due of technical
and scientific skills acquired in the field of network services, recognised
by IANA (Internet Assigned Naming Authority) from the second half of the
80's for spreading the IP protocol in the Italian research environment.
Until recently the RA acted on behalf of GARR (Gruppo Armonizzazione Reti
della Ricerca) because the Italian Internet users mainly belonged to the
scientific research sector. Following the increase of Internet users for
commercial purposes, it was decided to handle this service in an autonomous
manner, and the MURST (Ministero della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica)
is presently improving this service assigned to, and run by, the CNR. Until
the Ministero delle Poste e delle Telecomunicazioni produces a complete
set of rules it has been decided that the working group of ITA-PE (Naming
Authority Italiana), should operate according to a similar procedure.
Furthermore, the RA is responsible for the activities related to the assignment
of names defined by other standards, in particular for the assignment of
domain names in accordance with the ITU X.400 standard (electronic mail)
and for the assignment of "relative distinguished names" in accordance with
the ITU X.500 standards (global directory). The RA is also responsible for
applying the rules of translation between the names assigned with the standard
ITU X.400 and the Internet domain names (RFC822).
The RA also supplies additional services, such as hosting on the RA systems
secondary nameservers for those domains upon request. Moreover, several
lists on topics that are of interest to the Italian Internet Community are
maintained alongside various databases regarding Internet, including the
database of the active domains in the Top Level Domain it.