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           Ethics and rules for the correct use of network services

  Within the community of network service users, especially Internet users
  and, in  particular, inside the  "news"  service  Usenet,  a  number  of
  "traditions"  and "principles of correct behaviour" have been  developed
  with time: all these rules are generally known as "netiquette".  Keeping
  in  mind  that whoever  provides your  network access  (provider, public
  institution  or  agency,  employer,  etc.)  can also  control even  more
  precisely  the  users'  duties,   we  summarise  in  this  document  the
  fundamental principles of "netiquette",  reminding everybody  that these
  rules are mandatory.

  1 When you join  a new  newsgroup or a  new electronic mail distribution
    list,  read the  messages posted  there for at  least two weeks before
    starting  to  send your  own  around the world:  in this  way you will
    understand the topics of the discussion and the methods to be  used in
    such an environment.

  2 If you send a message, be brief and concise, both in the subject field
    as  well as in the message itself.  Always use the  "subject" field to
    specify the topic. If using the "signature" file, please keep it short.

  3 Do not post or send messages  to the target newsgroup  or distribution
    list which deviate from the topic in question.

  4 Whenever possible,  avoid  broadcasting  your message  to many mailing
    lists  (or newsgroups)  at a time.  There is usually only one specific
    mailing list representing the correct target of your message and which
    contains all interested users in that particular topic.

  5 If you answer  a message,  quote  only the  relevant sections  of  the
    original message in order to facilitate understanding by users who did
    not read it,  and avoid  systematically  reposting the entire original

  6 Do not engage in  "opinion wars" on the network through the sending of
    messages and  replies:  if you have  personal discussions,  solve them
    via private electronic mail correspondence with the interested parties.

  7 Never  publish the  content of  electronic mail  messages  without the
    explicit permission of the author.

  8 Do  not  post stupid  messages or take  sides  to  support  somebody's
    opinion  within  an  ongoing discussion.  Always  read the  Frequently
    Asked Questions (FAQ) relating  to the discussion topic before sending
    new questions.

  9 Never send advertising  or commercial  promotion messages or any other
    unsolicited message  via electronic mail,  unless explicitly requested
    by the recipient.

 10 Be tolerant with users  who makes  syntactical or  grammar errors when
    posting  messages.  Users  posting  messages must in any case  improve
    their  knowledge of  the  language,  in order to  be understood by the
    whole community.

  Furthermore, to the previously mentioned rules we must add the following
  criteria based on common sense logic:

  A The network is used as a  major work tool by many users.  They do not
    have time  to read jokes,  useless or personal messages which are not
    of general interest.

  B Any activity which heavily affects network traffic, such as bulk data
    transfers, reduces the overall network performance. Users should thus
    perform  these  operations outside  peak  network time  (at night for
    example), taking into account the different time zones.

  C On  the  network a  number  of file server  sites exists,  containing
    up-to-date  copies  of relevant  documentation,  software  and  other
    objects made  available via network. Users must  ask in advance which
    is the most convenient  accessible server  node for  their use.  If a
    file is made available on this server, or locally, there is no reason
    to load  it  again via  the network,  wasting network  bandwidth  and
    waiting much longer for the file transfer to be effected.

  D The software made available on  network servers can  be protected  by
    copyrights  and/or  other  restrictions on its use. Users must always
    read carefully any accompanying documentation before using, modifying
    or redistributing this software in any shape or form.

  E Incorrect behaviour of an explicit illegal nature by users, such as:

    - violating the security of network databases and hosts;

    - violating  other  users'  privacy,  reading  or intercepting  their
      electronic mail messages;

    - compromising  the  correct  performance of  the network and of  any
      equipment  which  constitutes its  service  with programmes (virus,
      trojan horses, etc.) and other hacking tools;

    are  explicit  criminal  violations and,  as such,  are punishable by
    current laws.

  For  more detailed  information on the principles stated above,  please
  refer to the documents RFC1855 "Netiquette Guidelines",  and to RFC2635
  "A  Set of  Guidelines  for Mass  Unsolicited Mailings  and  Postings",
  available on-line at the following URLs:



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